Rejuvenation of the face FAQS

Facial rejuvenation is a cosmetic treatment (or series of cosmetic treatments) which aims to restore a youthful appearance to the human face.
Facial rejuvenation can be achieved through either surgical and/ or none surgical options. Procedures can vary in invasiveness and depth of treatment.
Surgical procedures can restore facial symmetry through targeted procedures and facial restructuring and skin alterations. Non-surgical procedures can target specific depths of facial structures and treat localized facial concerns such as wrinkles skin laxity, hyper pigmentation and scars.

Surgical (invasive) facial rejuvenation procedures can include a brow lift, eye lift, face lift, chin and neck lift.
Non-surgical (non-invasive) facial rejuvenation treatments can include: chemical peels, neuromodulator (such as Botox), dermal fillers, laser resurfacing photo rejuvenation, radiofrequency and ultrasound.

A wrinkle, also known as a rhytide, is a fold, ridge or crease in otherwise smooth surface, such as on skin or fabric. Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging processes such as glycation, habitual sleeping position, loss of body mass, sun damage and habitual facial expressions.

Botulinum Toxin (Botox) is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum and related species. It prevents the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from axon endings at the neuromuscular junction and thus causes flaccid paralysis.

There are seven types of Botulinum Toxin, named type A-G. Types A and B are used in medicine to treat various muscle spasms and diseases characterized by over active muscle.

Commercial forms are marketed under the Brand names Botox (Allergan). Dysport, Xeomin and jeuveau.

Botulinum Toxin A (Botox) is used to treat many diseases such as: muscle spasticity, Excessive sweating, migraine, jaw Bruxism and in cosmetic procedure.

In cosmetic applications, botulinum toxin is considered safe and effective for reduction of facial wrinkles, especially in the uppermost third of the face.
Injection of botulinum toxin into the muscles under facial wrinkles causes relaxation of those muscles, resulting in the smoothing of the overlying skin.

Smoothing of wrinkles is usually visible three- five days after injection, with maximum effect typically a week following injection. Muscles can be treated repeatedly to maintain the smoothed appearance.

Injectable filler (Injectable facial filler) is a soft tissue filler injected into the skin to help fill in facial wrinkles, restoring a smoother appearance.
Most of these wrinkles fillers are temporary because they are eventually absorbed by the body. Successful results depend on health of the skin, skill of the health care provider, and type of filler used.

Fillers are made of sugar molecules or composed of hyaluronic acids, collagens which may come from pigs, cows, cadavers, or maybe generated in a laboratory.

Some fillers are biosynthetic polymers such as calcium hydroxyapatite, poly caprolactone, poly methyl methacrylate and poly lactic acid.

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