Periodontal tissue (also called the periodontium) is the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones. It provides the support necessary to maintain teeth in function. It consists of four principal components, namely:
The gums or gingiva, consist of the mucosal tissue that lies over the mandible and maxilla inside the mouth. Gum health and disease can have an effect on general health.