What is the BOTOX?

Botulinum toxin (Botox) is a neurotoxic protein produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum and related species.

It prevents the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from axon endings at the neuromuscular junction and thus causes flaccid paralysis.

Infection with the bacterium causes the disease botulism. The toxin is also used commercially in medicine, cosmetics and research.
There are seven types of botulinum toxin, named type A-G.

Types A and B are capable of causing disease in humans, and are also used commercially and medically. Types C-G are less commons. Types E and F can cause a disease in humans, while the other types cause disease in other animals. Botulinum toxin types A and B are used in medicine to treat various muscle spasms and disease characterized by overactive muscle.

Commercial forms are marketed under the brand names Botox (onabotulinum toxin A, Allergan) Dysport / Azzalure (obobotulinum toxin A , Ipsen / Golderma) Xeomin / Bacouture (incobotulinum toxin A), Merz and jeuveau (parabotulinum toxin A, Evolus / Daewoong).

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